1. Wool Herding

Tibetan sheep wool comes in the form of raw wool. Pure white wool and other impurities are separated to get the best white wool which is hand washed in spring water.

woolhearding

 

 

wool carding

2. Carding

Carding is the process of combing and cleaning the wool. Since wool is the basic raw material for rug making, it should be fine and clean. In an effective carding no fiber is intermingled with another and all foreign particles and dirt are removed. This helps in spinning, blending and wool mixing if necessary. Nowadays, carding is also done using machines.

3. Spinning

After carding, the wool fibers are drawn and twisted to make yarns of desired thickness. This process is called spinning. The yarn of soft 5-7 twist per inch is said to be ideal for rugs. Spinning is a traditional skill of Nepalese people so generally wool is spun by hands. Hand spinning brings the best yarn for rugs for its elasticity and strength.

Spinning yarn

 

 

dyeing

4. Dying

The wool can be dyed either using natural vegetable dyes or synthetic ones, since both have good and adverse effect. Using natural dyes is more complicated and the colors obtained is not that brilliant, but it promotes special textures of rugs. In other hand, synthetic dyes give bright colors with various shades easily, which is not possible in natural dyes. So that commonly azo-free chemical dyes are used. The natural dyes are also used as per clients demand.

5. Weaving

The entire weaving work is carried out by hand with the traditional Nepalese – Tibetan knotting system on a vertical loom. It is a creative task, which is performed by three or four weavers according to the size of rug. Rug weaving is done with the help of yarn balls, scissors, iron-rod, levers, comb beater, etc. The knot density of a Nepalese-Tibetan rug ranges from 40 to 125 knots as per square inch. However, the most common knot density of our rugs are 60 and 100 knots per square inch.

weaving

 

 

hand made rugs trimming

6. Trimming

The sharp design & pattern is carved out by scissors from the woven rugs. It is a very delicate process because one false cut can ruin the whole rug.

7. Washing

After a rug is trimmed it is then washed with fresh water using household chemicals to keep free of germs, remove dirt and restore the original shine of the wool. The rug is then dried out in the sun for 4-5 days.

hand made rugs washing

 

 

stretching

8. Stretching

After washing and drying, the rugs are stretched from all four sides using metal frames and hooks. It helps in maintaining the perfect square shape of the rug.

9. Final Finishing

The rug should be trimmed again to remove unusual yarn. After vacuum cleaning, it is packed with environment friendly packing materials. Now the rug is ready to be shipped.

finishing

packing

10.Packing

Finally the carpet is packed with the environment friendly packing material after which the carpet is ready for export.